Frequently Asked Questions

Here we answer our customers' frequently asked questions about polishing and grinding:

What is the Difference Between Polishing and Buffing?

The terms "polishing" and "buffing" designate two technically different processes during surface finishing. Both processes are about reducing the roughness of the surfaces to a minimum without changing the workpiece geometry that has previously been defined through cutting and grinding. Consequently, polishing and buffing must not remove significant amounts of material.

Polishing

Polishing is a finishing process that involves the use of an abrasive that’s firmly connected with a carrier such as sanding belts. Polishing therefore is a shape cutting process to smooth surfaces, remove scratches and indentations and scale the surface. The resulting polishing lines must be fine enought to be effectively removed during subsequent buffing.

Buffing

It is assumed that buffing is essentially based on two distinct processes: On the one hand, the roughness peaks remaining from the previous polishing steps are gently removed with the help of fine abrasive grains. On the other hand, the workpiece surface is deformed in microscopic areas by the abrasive grains striking it at high speed, which results in a smoothing of unevenness.

Buffing ist performed in subsequent steps with rotating wheels, which are usually made of natural materials and are impregnated with fine polishing pastes. There are two main steps involved in buffing:

  • Coarse cut buffing removes the fine polishing lines by applying high levels of energy until a smooth and homogeneous surface appearance is created. The most suitable polishing tools for this process step usually are brushes or polishing discs manufactured of resistant natural raw materials such as tampico or sisal fibers together with heavy-cut polishing compounds.
  • Finish buffing is the last and finest step in surface finishing, which is carried out using cotton polishing wheels at low working pressure and short process times together with super-finish polishing compounds. This will level out any microfine lines remaining after the cut-buff process and thereby smooth the surface. This then creates the desired brigth luster finish.

How do I Properly Dress a Buffing Wheel?

Careful preparation of the buffing tool is a prerequisite for an optimal buffing result. Because the finer the fiber structure of the disc, the better the surface quality. Unused and untreated cotton buffing discs do not accept the polishing paste well which leads to unsatisfactory results. For this reason, the surface of buffing discs must be carefully roughened, until a fine velour of microfibers has emerged. Please follow our instructions for the trimming of buffing wheels.


Which Cut-Buffing Wheel is Right for my Project?

Using the following comparison table, you can select the suitable cut-buffing wheel for your project according to aggressiveness, flexibility and cooling (5 = "more" → 1 = "less"):

Frequently Asked Questions


Which Impregnation Should I Use for Cut-Buffing?

The EICKELIT impregnation system allows an individual optimization of the service life, aggressiveness and absorption capacity of polishing compounds. Please select the most suitable impregnation for your application according to the following table:

Table Impregnation Sisal Buffing Tools


Which Type of Cotton Should I Use?

Please use the following table to select the right type of cotton for your application:

EICKELIT Cotton Qualities


Which Non-Wovens are Available?

The following tables can be used to select the right type of abrasive fleece for your application:

Aluminium Oxide:

Table Aluminium Oxide Nonwoven Types

Silicon Carbide:

Table Silicium Carbide Nonwoven Types


Which Buffing Tool suits my Application?

Please contact us directly during our business hours, we will be happy to advise you personally. Outside of our business hours you are welcome to leave us a message, we will get back to you back as soon as possible.


Does EICKELIT Offer Advice on Polishing?

  • Please read our tips on polishing first
  • We would be happy to advise you on your polishing project without obligation. Please give us a call during our opening hours or send us a message, we will get back to you as soon as possible. We are looking forward to your contact.